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Doklam standoff ends: The factors which led to China's back-pedalling
Finally Doklam standoff between India and China ended after seventy-one days and the disengagement process was initiated by both sides.

Both India and China confirmed regarding the understanding that was reached although each one's version differed. As per the Indian version, both sides are withdrawing from Doklam. However, according to the Chinese narrative, Indian troops are withdrawing after India decided to resolve the issue diplomatically and the Chinese troops had the right to patrol the area.

It must be understood that the conflict was raised when China had tried to build a road at Doklam. And now, China has withdrawn the equipment and labourers for road construction from there and agreed not to go ahead with the construction before the dispute is resolved permanently. Hence, India's main concern was addressed by China. As for the issue of Chinese troops patrolling the area, since Doklam lies within Bhutan, it becomes a bilateral issue between China and Bhutan, where India has no role, until and unless China tries to change the status quo in the region.

Many would be wondering how China agreed for a truce despite its aggressive rhetoric, threatening and warmongering targeted towards India through its state-owned media! During the political discourse for reaching a resolution to Doklam issue, China kept warning that it would teach India a lesson. So then, what happened that the Red Dragon's might suddenly fizzled out?

Here are the factors that probably drove China towards initiating a truce with India:

War against India is counter-productive: There are umpteen number of articles including some of mine which clearly explain why China can't dare to attack the India of today. India is without any doubt a strong military power (placed at number four next to China in global firepower ranking) and the topography of Indo-China border region is advantageous to the Indian militarily.

Strong leadership of Narendra Modi:Innumerable times China has flexed its muscles to compel the Indian government to follow its diktat. But the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi displayed strong leadership and did not buckle under pressure from China. Without indulging in rhetoric, the Modi government sent across a clear message to China that India was not going to budge and was ready to face any eventuality.

China's fear of getting isolated: China tried to cultivate the theory thatwhile India was the intruder, China was the victim. But the international community refused to buy this rendering by China. USA and Japan openly supported India while Nepal, Myanmar and all ASEAN nations chose to remain neutral despite huge persuasion by China. Russia too remainedmore or less neutral considering its close ties with India. Thus diplomatically, India won the war of perception. India was also able to keep Bhutan by its side despite China's desperate efforts to put political pressure on the Bhutanese government. China hasbeen constantly urging Bhutan to exchange Doklam with a bigger area of China in north of Bhutan. Technically, this exchange would be beneficial to Bhutan but would result in a serious security threat to India. However,due to a mutual treaty, Bhutan it can't do anything that would result in a security threat to India.

China's internal politics and BRICS summit: Many experts were of the opinion that the Doklam standoff will continue till November first week when the Chinese Congress is due to meet. Xi Jinping was interested in using the standoff to silence the groups of his adversaries Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin while seeking re-election for another five years. However, India conveyed to China that if Doklam standoff is not resolved then Indian Prime Minister may skip the BRICS summit slated to be held from September 3-5. India's diplomacy with other partners of BRICS (Brazil, Russia and South Africa) worked in India's favour as all partners conveyed that if the Indian Prime Minister decides to skip, the summit might as well be cancelled. So China was compelled to resolve the issue in order to save the summit.

The bottom line is that if there's a strong government in power with a mature leadership, no external force can challenge the country's security and integrity. 

Technically, resolution of the Doklam standoff is PM Modi's biggestgeo-strategic win which will enhance the prestige of the country not only in the eyes of Western countries but also among Asian countries who are often bullied by the mighty Red Dragon.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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